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biodiversity.moe.gov.lb > Lebanon Contribution to CBD

Lebanon signed the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) during the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), the so called “Earth Summit”, in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) on June 5, 1992. The CBD was ratified by the Government of Lebanon in August of 1994 through Law No. 360

Lebanon has undertaken many activities towards the implementation of the CBD, and this Biodiversity Clearing House web site is one such example. Other activities include:

•  Biodiversity Country Study: Lebanon developed in 1996 a study on biological diversity of Lebanon: Khouzami, M., Tohme, G., Hamadeh, S. (Eds) through a project executed by the Ministry of Agriculture, funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and implemented by  the United Nations Development Programme (UNEP). Lebanon Country Study on Biological Diversity Publication No 9. 255pp. (Ministry of Agriculture/UNEP/GEF)
 
• National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP): In order to fulfill the requirements of articles 6 and 26 of the CBD, Lebanon developed its National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan and the first National Report to the COP/CBD in 1998 through the Biodiversity Enabling Activity Project (phase I) executed by the Ministry of Environment, funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and implemented by  the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

• Lebanon prepared its Second Biodiversity National Report to the CBD in 2002 and its Third National Report in 2005 through the Top-Up Biodiversity Enabling Activity Project (phase II)  executed by the Ministry of Environment, funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and implemented by  the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

• In response to the CBD request, Lebanon prepared seven thematic reports according to the CBD format:

  1. Protected Areas 
  2. Alien and Invasive Species 
  3. Forest Ecosystems 
  4. Mountain Ecosystems
  5. Access and Benefit Sharing 
  6. Transfer of Technology and Technology Cooperation
  7. Implementation of Programme of Work for the Global Taxonomy Initiative

• In order to fulfill the requirements of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety issued by the CBD, Lebanon prepared its National Biosafety Framework (NBF) in 2005 through the UNEP/GEF ”Development of National Biosafety Framework” Project executed by by the Ministry of Environment in collaboration with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and implemented by  the United Nations Environment Programme (UNDP). 

• In order to fulfill the objectives of the CBD, Lebanon has executed many operational projects related to the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity in Lebanon

- Strengthening of National Capacity and Grassroots In-Situ Conservation for Sustainable Biodiversity Protection /Protected Areas Project (MoE/GEF/UNDP)
- Conservation of Wetlands and Coastal Zones in the Mediterranean/MedWetCoast Project (MoE/FFEM/UNDP) 
- Stable Institutional Structure for Protected Areas Management (SISPAM) (MoE/EC_Life/UNDP)
- Integrated Management of Cedar Forests In Lebanon in Cooperation with other Mediterranean Countries  (Tannourine Project) (MOE/UNEP/GEF)
- Conservation and Sustainable Use of Dryland Agrobiodiversity in the Near East” (Agrobiodiversity project) (LARI/GEF/UNDP) 
- Combating Desertification in Lebanon” Project (CoDel) (MOA/GTZ/UNDP)
- Strategic Action Plan for the Conservation of biological diversity in the Mediterranean Region  (SAP_BIO) (UNEP-MAP/RAC-SPA) ) - PDF-B on “Design, Testing and Evaluating of Best Practices for in situ Conservation of Economically Important Wild Species
-  PDF-B on "Mainstreaming Biodiversity Management Considerations into Medicinal Plants Production Processes” 
Collaboration project between the Lebanese Agricultural Research Institute (LARI) and the Royal Botanic Gardens (RBG, KEW)
Sustainable Hunting Project
Important Birds Areas Programme
- Coastal Area Management Programme/ CAMP (UNEP/MAP, MoE)
- National Capacity Self Assessment Project/ NCSA (MoE/GEF/UNDP) 

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